Bland diet is a soft, non-spicy, low fiber diet. It is recommended for people with certain digestive conditions such as diverticulitis, pancreatitis, bowel obstruction, and colitis.
Types of bland diet
Examples of bland diet
- Cooked vegetables.
- Low fat or fat free milk.
- Fruit juices and vegetable juices.
- White flour breads, crackers, and pasta.
- Light cereals with low fiber.
- Lean meat.
- Fish and sea food.
- Peanut butter, jelly and seedless jam.
- Pudding and custard
- Soup and broth.
- Weak tea.
- Clear liquid diet.
What to avoid if you are on a bland diet
- Raw vegetables.
- High fat dairy products such as whipped cream or high-fat ice cream.
- Strong cheeses, such as bleu, Monterey Jack or Roquefort cheese.
- Fried foods.
- Dried fruits.
- Whole-grain or bran cereals.
- Whole-grain breads, crackers, or pasta.
- Spices, such as hot pepper and garlic.
- Foods with high sugar content.
- Seeds and nuts.
- Highly seasoned, smoked or cured meats and fish.
- Very rich and creamy foods.
- Alcoholic and caffeinated beverages.
Who should be on a bland diet
- Patients recovering from abdominal surgery.
- Those with diverticulitis.
- Patients with severe colitis.
- Those with severe esophagitis (inflammation of the esophagus caused by acid reflux).
- Patients with persistent nausea and vomiting.
- Those with bowel obstruction.
- Patients with acute pancreatitis.
Who should not be on a bland diet
- Patients with diverticulosis.
- Those with irritable bowel syndrome.
- Patients with celiac disease.
- Those with ulcerative colitis or crohn’s disease that are in remission.
How to do the bland diet
- Drink plenty of fluids. Stay hydrated.
- Eat small meals multiple times a day.
- Chew your food carefully.
- Avoid late meals. Do not eat 2-3 hours before bedtime.
- Stop tobacco.
- Avoid alcohol.
- The bland diet is not a permanent diet. If your bowel obstruction or diverticulitis resolves, you don’t have to remain on a bland diet.